Education must lead to preparedness to put to use what one has learnt.It appears that most of the job seekers are those who are not equipped with the skills. There is a gap between the labour force and the demands. Companies if they have to take them in would have to incur cost in trying to train the applicants to take up the job.
The government should make the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) a choice, not an imperative. It must be noted that going the TVET way is a proposed solution to unemployment, and not our problem necessarily. It must be noted that it is the way the government wants to chart a new path for the nation because this path has been before: we more or less inadvertently followed reading and writing learning approach from the West some decades ago. Hence our problem is critical thinking! I believe if the government wants a boosted economy that is providing jobs, it should financially and logistically support start-ups that are in search of external support, because it is skills that boost the business environment, nothing more. The government must look towards improving the business environment for the people in entrepreneurship.
TVET And Ministry of Education Initiative
According to the Minister of Education, Dr Matthew Opoku Prempeh, “The Presidency is poised to learn from countries we hold in high esteem in terms of TVET. Germany, South Korea, India and Singapore are among a few. The Ministry along with the President realised the German model stands tall among them. The government therefore looks forward to structure and model our TVET adventure along the model of the Germans to excellently transform our economy while adapting it to our circumstances.” For example in Germany, You learn the job(apprenticeship) for 3 years.There is a dual (practical and theory) system of training.
The government is going to provide resources and funding for technical schools since it costly running technical schools. It takes government support as well as industry/private sector support to run it efficiently.TVET has to be the backbone of industrialisation – developing sector-skill. A leader in the TVET space when it comes to Ghana is Don Bosco Vocational Training School (Sunyani). They have training centres for carpentary, building and construction, agriculture.
The Ministry’s Agenda
The Ministry of Education intends to reorient people of the notion that TVET is inferior and only taken up by less endowed students. TVET is mostly considered as a space for poor people and therefore the rich person really will not enrol in a vocational institution. The Ministry will make TVET the first and not the last in the next 5 years.The Ministry is poised to prioritize TVET education across the educational spectrum.
Ghana Beyond Aid relies partly on education by ensuring no child is left behind in the access of education, when it comes to the Education sector, there by the initiation of the Free SHS Policy.Free secondary education creates access for the left out 30% year on year.
Signing of the UK-Ghana Education Partnership
The UK government recently signed a parnership for funding education for deprived students. There are a few projects that have been rolled out by the UK government: UK Connecting classrooms project,1% Budget allocation for complementary education,£4.95 million DFID funding to drive funding the teaching and learning, £ 9.6 million Girls education challenge programme and Connecting classrooms programme.
There is a Ghana Education Strategic Plan which pertains to curricular reform and teacher reform concerning Reading, writing, Arithmetics which is being handled by the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment(NCCA). This will see the introduction of STEM.There will be a change in the syllabus at primary and secondary level learning to meet workplace demand.
According to Alan Rutt, Director, British Council Ghana UK’s partnership with Ghana in the Education sector through the British High Commission and Ministry of Education projects and programmes are purposed to achieve inclusivity, improve pedagogy, Foster collaboration, embrace the marginalized all aimed at strengthening the education system in Ghana.
Proponents like, Philip Smith, Country Director,DFID attest to the fact that, the UK has invested £400m over the last twenty years on every level of Ghana Education system in primary and secondary education in their contribution to promote quality learning in Ghana.
There are assorted ways the UK government supports the country in terms of education which include; T-TEL training over 50,000 leaders for the basic level in 75 most deprived districts in Ghana. Scholarships.248,000 children enjoy support in education of literacy and numeracy, meeting SDG Goal 4. On the tertiary level, Commonwealth and Chevening scholarships are afforded excellent Ghanaian students planning to study abroad annually.University of Lancaster and University of Nottingham have also opened international campuses in Ghana.